One: Word order. In French the adjectives typically follow the noun. Ex. “La voiture rouge” translates literally to: The car red. However in the English language it is said “The red car”. In English nearly all descriptive words will go before the item itself.
Two: Accents. In French, accents are commonly used in many words. Accents are not used in the English language, unless the English person is using a foreign word.
Three: Noun Gender. In French, nouns are described with either la or le, making the item either feminine or masculine. This does not occur in English. Only “the” is used. Ex. In English one would say “The little girl”. In French this would be “La petite fille”. Another English Ex. “The little boy” would be “Le petite garçon”.
Four: Capital letters are used more often in English than they are in French. English capitalizes many things such as Days of the week (Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday), months (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December) , compass directions (North, East, South, West), religions (Christian, Muslim, Atheist), brand names (Ford, Toyota, Nike), royal titles (King, Queen, Duke), and national adjectives (American, French)
Five: Negative form. In English, the word “not” is added to the main verb in order to describe a negative. “He is not my friend” translates to “Il n’est pas mon ami” . This is different from French, where ne is placed before the verb and pas after it.